How to Crochet for Beginners: A Complete Guide

How to Crochet for Beginners: A Complete Guide

How to Crochet for Beginners: A Complete Guide

Crochet is a fun, relaxing hobby that anyone can do! In this step-by-step guide, we will discuss how to crochet. We’ll cover everything you need to know to get started – from the basics of how to hold your hook, to the six most common crochet stitches. We’ll even talk about the best yarn to use and where you can find beginner crochet patterns for free.

If you are interested in starting a new hobby or learning a new skill, you’re in the right place! After reading this crochet starter guide, you’ll be ready to create beautiful wearable items like scarves, hats, and blankets.

close up image of a double crochet swatch made in blue yarn and a pink crochet hook

How to Crochet for Beginners

If you’ve always wanted to learn how to crochet, but didn’t know where to start, this guide is for you! You’ll be able to learn the basics of crocheting with these easy-to-follow step-by-step instructions.

  1. Choose a Crochet Hook and Yarn

    You don't need many supplies to get started with crochet. The key item is the crochet hook and there are plenty of different sizes and types. When you're choosing a beginner crochet hook, opt for one made out of aluminum because the metal will make the yarn glide easily.

    The three basic crochet supplies you'll need include:

    • An aluminum crochet hook​ size I-9 or H-8, whichever feels best in your hand
    • A skein or ball of wool or acrylic yarn
    • Scissors
    Crochet Infinity Scarf Supplies
  2. Learn How to Hold the Hook

    Begin by holding your crochet hook like you would hold a pencil, with your thumb and index finger squeezing the hook at the little indentation in the middle known as a finger hold. You can slide your third finger up towards the tip of the hook for comfort and control. The hook will be turned slightly towards you, but it shouldn't be facing downward or upward.

    Holding a Crochet Hook Knife-Style Right-Handed
  3. Learn the Slip Knot

    Tying a slip knot onto the crochet hook is one of the very first things you need to know to get started with crocheting. It's the way you'll cast the yarn onto the hook so you can start crocheting. Quickly twist and loop the yarn onto the hook, wrap the yarn under the hook, and pull it through the loop to tighten. Don't worry if it's awkward at first; just keep practicing and it'll get easier.

    How to Make a Slip Knot in Crochet
  4. Crochet a Chain Stitch

    Beginning crocheters usually start by learning the chain stitch first. The chain stitch is one of the most important basic stitches you'll need to know because they form the foundation of most crochet projects. In a pattern, the abbreviation for the chain stitch is "ch," or sometimes "chs" for the plural form. You'll usually see "ch" followed by a number. For example, ch 135 means that you should crochet 135 chain stitches.

    How to Chain Stitch in Crochet
  5. Learn the Single Crochet Stitch

    After you've learned the chain stitch, you'll learn the essential single crochet stitch. The abbreviation in a pattern for the single crochet stitch is "sc," usually along with the number of stitches you'll need to make.

    How to Single Crochet
  6. Find a Beginner's Project

    Now that you know how to do a slip knot and basic stitches, you're ready to tackle a beginner project. You can start on a scarf or even a baby blanket designed for new crocheters. Some beginner patterns may be written without abbreviations for simplification. When you begin your first project, take it slow, and be patient with yourself. It's okay if you have to start over from the beginning of the pattern if needed.

    Working the Face Scrubbies in Rounds
  7. Learn the Double Crochet Stitch

    You can take your crochet skill to the next level by learning the double crochet stitch. You'll be able to create granny squares for afghans when you learn this stitch. Practice making little swatches until your double crochet stitches are even. The abbreviation in patterns for the double crochet stitch is "dc," plus the specified number of double crochet stitches.

    How to Double Crochet
  8. Create a Granny Square

    Clusters of double crochet stitches create a granny square. The granny square is the foundation of a crocheted item, from blankets to pillow covers and you can even sew them together to create a warm and cozy doggie sweater. Make them one color or multicolored, but whatever color scheme you decide, just know you're becoming a better crocheter with every square you create.

    How to Crochet a Granny Square
  9. Learn How to Make a Slip Stitch

    Slip stitches serve multiple purposes in crocheting. They join pieces together, create simple finished edges, and can be used as a decorative element on the surface of a crocheted piece. In addition, you can use the stitch in rows to create a dense material. Crocheting a fabric made of the slip stitch is called Bosnian Crochet (or sometimes a variety of other names).

    Add Surface Decoration With Slip Stitch
  10. Learn More Basic Stitches

    Add to your crochet skills by learning more basic stitches, including the half double stitch which results in a herringbone, the treble (or the triple crochet stitch) that creates a taller stitch, and the Tunisian crochet stitch, which can create a look that resembles a knit fabric. 

    Learn How to Work the Basic Crochet Stitches
  11. Learn Finishing Techniques

    Finishing techniques are an important part of crocheting. In addition to the slip stitch that adds a simple edging, you'll want to know how to make wide or narrow edgings. The easiest edging is made from the single crochet stitch. It's a terrific solution, even for rounded edges.

    Finished Crochet Infinity Scarf
  12. Learn How to Crochet Left-Handed

    You can be left-handed and crochet, too. Traditional patterns were written for right-handed crocheters, but many contemporary patterns include instructions for left-handed artisans. You'll find plenty of tips and tricks to help you along the way, and most importantly, you'll also find numerous fellow lefty crocheters to bond with and learn from.

    Crocheting Left-Handed